Hyperthyroidism, or an overactive thyroid, is a condition in which the thyroid gland produces an excessive amount of thyroid hormone. The thyroid gland is located at the front of your neck and releases hormones that controls metabolism, heart rate, breathing, nervous system, body temperature, weight, and other body functions. The condition can cause a significant increase in your body’s metabolism, leading to sudden weight loss, a rapid or irregular heartbeat, sweating, and irritability or nervousness.
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include:
- Hand tremors
- Mood swings
- Fatigue or muscle weakness
- Heart palpitations or irregular heartbeat
- Nervousness or anxiety
- Rapid heartbeat
- Weight loss
- Trouble sleeping
- Light periods or skipping periods
- Increase frequency of bowel movements
- Skin dryness
Some people may develop an enlarged thyroid glad, or a goiter. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is the autoimmune disorder Graves’ disease. Graves’ disease in an immune system disorder that results in the overproduction of thyroid hormones.
Hyperthyroidism is diagnosed based on symptoms, a physical exam, and blood tests to measure levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroid hormones T3 and T4. Additionally your doctor may decide to order an ultrasound of your thyroid.
Treatment of hyperthyroidism typically includes antithyroid medications that interfere with the production of thyroid hormones. Radioactive iodine therapy is another treatment option to damage the cells that make thyroid hormones.
Palm Beach Diabetes & Endocrine Specialists, PA. offers patients dedicated and experienced thyroid doctors, nurses, and staff. Our thyroid doctors have over 150 years of cumulative thyroid experience from the finest institutions in the United States. To schedule an appointment at Palm Beach Diabetes & Endocrine Specialists, PA. please click here.